Invisible Trade – A Teaching Case

by Travis Ng and Nicholas Chi-lok Fu


We document a game designed by a group of economics undergraduate students for themselves and others to teach the differences and transition between onshore and offshore trade. The motivation is a conundrum that has been happening in Hong Kong: the gradual decline of Hong Kong’s port activities over the past decades without a corresponding decline of the labour employed in the trade sector. Hong Kong firms now intermediate trade mainly in the form of offshore trade that are rather “invisible”.